Types of Pest Control

Pests are organisms that cause damage or spoil crops, animals, and other materials. Some natural forces help control pest populations, such as climate, natural enemies, food, water, and shelter availability.

When choosing a pest control company, look for one that specializes in your specific problem. This will save you time and money and reduce off-target impacts. Contact Pest Control Lakeland now!

This group of methods aims to prevent pests from damaging plants by removing the resources they need—food, water, shelter—or by blocking their access. These methods are often much less expensive than chemical controls and usually have fewer off-target effects. However, they may be harder to implement than other control tactics.

Physical or mechanical controls include traps, screens, barriers, and exclusion techniques that physically prevent pests from gaining entry into crops or structures. For example, a screen can create a boundary that insects cannot cross while allowing air to flow freely. Barrier sprays, on the other hand, can produce a chemical boundary that repels insects from a home or garden. These techniques are most effective when used in conjunction with other control measures.

Other forms of physical control use natural enemies of pests to reduce their populations. These natural enemies include predators, parasites, nematodes, and competitors. Predators and parasites kill or injure pests that would otherwise damage crops or gardens. They also compete with pests for food, water, and shelter. Nematodes and competitors consume or displace pests, depriving them of the resources they need for survival.

Biological or natural controls are organisms that interact with pests in ways that reduce their damage or influence the behavior of those pests. Examples of biological pest controls are fungi, viruses, bacteria, and beneficial insects such as ladybugs, wasps, and lacewings. Pheromones are chemicals that influence the behavior of other organisms in a pest population.

In general, pest control should be undertaken only when the number of pests reaches unacceptable levels. Threshold levels for pests are generally based on esthetic, health, or economic concerns. The key to making threshold-based decisions is scouting and monitoring.

By understanding what factors promote or limit the growth of pests, you can better predict when and how to apply control methods. You can also tailor those methods to the environment and specific circumstances in which pests appear. For example, mountain ranges and large bodies of water restrict the spread of some species of insects. You can also alter the conditions that encourage plant diseases by changing irrigation practices or planting resistant varieties of crops.

Biological Control

Biological control (or biocontrol) uses living organisms — predators, parasitoids, pathogens, or competitors – to suppress and/or make pest animals, weeds, or plant diseases less damaging than they would otherwise be. It is a natural method of pest control that can be used as part of integrated pest management (IPM) programs to reduce the use of synthetic chemicals and/or other controls.

In nature, organism populations are subject to frequent attacks and high mortality rates from natural enemies — predators, parasitoids, herbivores, or pathogens — that keep them in balance with their environment and in check. Invasive plants and insects introduced to new areas often lack their normal complement of natural enemies, which allow them to grow unchecked and eventually outpace native species. This imbalance leads to the formation of so-called “invasive” species, which have become a serious problem in agriculture and natural ecosystems.

Biocontrol levels the playing field by reintroducing some of the special natural enemies that helped to control a particular invasive species in its native habitat. These organisms are screened and selected for their ability to attack and suppress the target pest in our environment, and then mass-reared and released into agricultural fields, nurseries, or other locations where the target pest is present. Biological control agents are not treated with chemical pesticides, so they remain effective for the life of the crop and can be reused year after year.

The most common form of biological control is the conservation of resident or naturally occurring beneficial organisms that are adapted to the target pest. For example, lacewings, hover flies, or fungus-infected aphid mummies are often found in aphid colonies and can be encouraged by providing aphid host plants. This practice, sometimes called classical biological control, is simple and cost-effective.

Another way to increase the number of natural enemies is by introducing new ones to an area, which is known as augmentative biological control. This is done by mass-rearing natural enemies in insectaries and releasing them into an agricultural or natural habitat where the population of the target pest is too low to sustain a viable population of natural enemies on its own. Biological control agents may be released in this manner on a seasonal basis, or inundatively.

Natural Forces

The purchase and mass release of predators, parasites, or pathogens to prevent the growth of a pest can be an effective form of biological control. These “natural enemies” can be purchased from commercial suppliers or made in laboratories. When successfully established, they can lower pest populations without further human intervention and at a relatively low cost. This form of control is best suited for greenhouses or other enclosed structures, where the natural enemy can become established.

Most biological controls involve predators, parasitoids, or pathogens and are designed to control specific pests. They may also be used in combination with other controls. The success of biocontrol depends on the number of natural enemies released and their ability to find and attack the pests. The natural enemy must also have a high reproductive rate and must be capable of finding new hosts. Additionally, its life cycle must coincide with the pest’s life cycle in order to effectively control the pest population.

A variety of fungi and bacteria can be used as biocontrol agents, including the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) bacteria that targets caterpillar pests; metarhizium, which controls nematodes; and Heterorhabditis spp., which control root-feeding grubs. Other biological controls include spiders, wasps, and mites.

Biological controls are most often employed when pests threaten crop production and public health, but they can be used in home gardens as well. Fern-leaf yarrow (Achillea filipendulina), for instance, is a beautiful herb that attracts predatory insects such as lacewings and hoverflies. Another great home garden plant is the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), which produces natural insecticidal compounds that can be used to fight diseases and insects that damage plants.

Suppression and prevention are goals of most pest management programs, but eradication is occasionally attempted. The goal of eradication is to reduce pests below the level at which they cause unacceptable harm, and it usually requires a multi-tactic approach that includes cultural, mechanical, and chemical control methods.

Eradication is especially difficult for outdoor pest problems that are widespread or difficult to monitor. Governmental agencies often support eradication programs for exotic pests that pose a threat to food or forest crops, livestock, and wildlife.


Pests are unwanted creatures that are known to cause serious problems such as physical contamination of food with rodent droppings, insect parts or other foreign material, contamination with disease causing agents carried on the bodies or in the guts of the pests and direct damage to buildings and structures. Pests may be controlled through setting traps or baits, blocking points of entry using quality sealant or knitted copper mesh, removing trash on a regular basis and making sure all areas are cleaned up on a daily basis. Professionals are able to deal with all kinds of pests in commercial environments including rodents, cockroaches, termites, and bed bugs.

The most common form of pest control is through chemical based products. These come in the form of over the counter sprays that can be easily sprayed onto suspected areas where pests may be found. These products often contain poisonous substances that can be dangerous for humans and pets. They should be used only in accordance with the manufacturer’s product label. Applying more than the recommended amount will not improve results and can be illegal in some countries.

There are also microbial pesticides available, such as the bacteria Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), which has been developed into strains that target specific insects. Microbial control agents are generally considered to be safer than conventional pesticides but they may have lower shelf-stability and a limited host range, meaning that they need to be applied more frequently.

Eradication is a form of pest control that involves eliminating an entire population of the organism through biological or chemical means. Typically, it is only employed when the pests are likely to cause more harm than is reasonable to accept. Examples of eradication include the Smallpox Eradication Program (SEP) and the programs for eradicating Guinea worm and polio.

Many people are hesitant to use pest control methods that result in the death of the pests, even when such controls may offer advantages over non-lethal control techniques. This is probably because of the deep human attachment to and valuing of life, which makes some pests more ‘acceptable’ than others. A review by DoC of public attitudes towards different pest control measures indicates that the majority of the public supports genetic controls when the outcomes are preventative or result in no significant mortality, but not for those that are purely eugenic.

The Importance of Pest Control

Pests are organisms that damage or spoil crops, livestock and human food supplies. They can also spread diseases.

Pest control focuses on prevention, suppression and identification. Eradication is rarely a goal in outdoor pest situations. Click the https://killianpestcontrol.com/ to learn more.

Biotic controls such as predators, pathogens and parasites can be used to keep pest populations below damaging levels. Pheromones and juvenile hormones can also be used to manipulate pest numbers.

Pests can cause many problems to people, animals and the environment. They can destroy crops, contaminate food, eat into building materials, create health problems for human and animal occupants or simply be a nuisance. The best way to deal with pests is to prevent them from entering the property in the first place. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approaches to pest control emphasize prevention, suppression and eradication.

Preventing pests involves modifying the environment or changing their behavior. This may include keeping doors and windows closed, using screens on windows and doors, and removing woodpiles and other materials from the yard. Preventing pests can also involve using mechanical controls such as traps, barriers and nets. Changes in the environment such as temperature, day length and humidity can alter pest activity.

In addition, the weather can directly affect plant growth and insect reproduction by killing or suppressing their hosts. This can result in reduced pest populations and reduced damage to plants.

Some pests are sporadic, while others are continuous and require regular control. Monitoring helps to predict pest populations and the conditions that favor them. This information can be used to manage the pests and their damage, especially in continuous pest situations such as in greenhouses and food processing facilities.

Indoors, it is important to keep kitchen benches and other surfaces clean to reduce the attraction of flies, mice, ants and beetles. It is also important to store food in airtight containers and to move trash to an outside dumpster as soon as possible to avoid attracting pests. Finally, it is important to regularly inspect and clean areas where crumbs are stored like kitchens, pantries, cupboards, etc.

Pest infestations occur when pests gain access to a home or commercial building. While regular cleaning and inspections can help, it is important to use IPM techniques to limit pests as much as possible. This includes identifying pests and understanding their habits so that targeted treatments can be used without causing off-target damage. It is particularly important to correctly identify pests when using pesticides, as some pesticides can be dangerous to pets and humans.


Pests are organisms that disrupt natural or human activities by damaging or spoiling crops, animals, or other materials. They also often cause annoyance or discomfort and may carry diseases or parasites that threaten human health. Pest control methods seek to reduce or eliminate pest populations using exclusion, repulsion, physical removal, or chemical intervention. Eradication is rarely an objective in outdoor settings, but it is often the goal in enclosed environments such as dwellings; schools, hospitals, and food processing plants; and greenhouses.

In addition to eradication, some pests can be controlled by preventing their reproduction. Restricting seed dispersal by removing nests or blocking breeding areas can be an effective strategy for some species. The use of resistant cultivars or other forms of plant material can also help manage some pests.

Other methods attempt to manipulate the environment or change the behavior of pests to reduce their numbers. Changing the amount of water or light available to pests can limit their growth or alter their development rate. Insecticidal traps, netting, pheromones, fungicides, radiation, and heat can also be used to control pests.

A few ants or bees in the garden don’t need to be controlled, but more than that could signal an infestation and require treatment. Threshold-based decision making involves scouting and monitoring to determine how often, where, and when to treat. For example, if you see Japanese beetles in your garden every day and in increasing numbers, it’s time to take action.

Devices that kill a pest directly or block the pests from reaching their targets are called mechanical controls. Traps and screens are common examples, but other devices such as weed mowers and steam sterilization of soil can be considered to be mechanical controls.

Biological pest control employs the use of pathogens, predators, and other organisms to suppress or destroy pests. In the early days of this discipline, research was aimed at finding new natural enemies that would provide dramatic suppression similar to that achieved by the vedalia beetle against cottony-cushion scale.

More recently, nematodes, microscopic worms that feed on the roots of plants, have been developed to control certain pests in crop fields. They are applied to the soil and kill or slow down the growth of a targeted pest without damaging the plant. Like other biological pest controls, nematodes are best used in combination with other IPM tactics.


Identifying pests is the first step in any pest control strategy. It helps to determine the nature and extent of the pest problem and the most effective ways to manage it. Identification also allows you to assess the safety of different methods of control and avoids the need for unnecessary application of chemicals that may harm beneficial organisms, people or property.

Whether you are a do-it-yourselfer or a pest management professional, the best way to identify pests is to inspect and observe them. Most pests leave visible evidence, such as droppings or greasy marks, that can be found on surfaces or in corners and cracks. Some insects have a distinctive smell, such as that of bed bugs or cockroaches. Others are abrasive or produce a sticky residue, such as termites or ants. Others have a grotesque or frightening appearance, such as spiders and silverfish. And some, like wasps and hornets, bite or sting (real or perceived).

Other indicators of a pest infestation include the presence of droppings near food sources, chewed or gnawed leaves and fruits, holes in the woodwork, damaged or discolored garden areas and unusual sounds, such as scratching or chewing noises. You should also keep an eye out for larger droppings, such as those produced by birds or squirrels, and signs of scurrying along walls, such as grease marks.

A pest’s physical appearance can change depending on its life stage or time of year. It may also change with weather conditions. For example, a weed seedling can look very different from the mature plant and a house centipede will look quite different in winter than it does in summer.

For the food industry, identification is critical to managing pests in processing environments. Food manufacturers should maintain a pest sighting register to record and track pests in the facility, and work with their pest management companies to ensure that they are identifying and treating all relevant pests. In addition, food companies should use non-chemical strategies to minimize the need for pesticides. These include sealing cracks and crevices, replacing worn-out weatherstripping, repairing screens and securing doors and windows.


Monitoring is a vital component of an integrated pest management program (IPM) regardless of the specific control tactics utilized. It allows a pest manager to identify problems quickly and efficiently and evaluate how effective the control tactic has been. Monitoring provides the information necessary to decide when treatment is needed and determine which control methods will be most successful in the future.

In addition to identifying and evaluating pest infestations, pest monitoring can help identify pest conducive conditions that contribute to their presence, such as the weather or food and harborage availability. The data can then be used to predict future pest outbreaks and develop control strategies to prevent them.

Pest monitoring may include scouting for pest activity or checking traps and other devices for evidence of a problem. It can also be as simple as recording the results of a pheromone trap or bait station on a grid or map. Ideally, a pest infestation should be caught before it becomes damaging to the crop. For example, a sudden influx of first instar German cockroaches is a good indication that they are within striking distance of their harborage source (such as a food facility).

Monitoring can be used to determine the threshold at which pest control must be initiated. Thresholds are pest-specific and must take into account both internal and external pest populations. They are most useful in helping to establish appropriate scouting and treatment intervals, and to determine when pest control is required for unacceptable levels of damage or injury.

Regular pest monitors should be placed in the most important areas of a facility such as inside equipment, in voids, behind walls and in shaded or protected locations. They should be inspected and rebaited periodically to ensure that they remain a valuable part of your pest control program. For example, stored product pest monitors should be emptied and the bait replaced on a regular basis so that they continue to be effective. If the bait has been sitting in a monitor for six months it will likely be long past its expiration date and is no longer attractive to rodents.

Eco-Friendly Pest Control Methods

A growing number of people are choosing eco-friendly Pest Control Springfield MO methods. Unlike traditional chemical pesticides, these options are safer for humans, pets, and the environment.

Sanitation and facility maintenance can hinder pests’ access to food and harborage, preventing infestations altogether. Traps and barriers can also be employed to keep pests out, including fern-leaf yarrow for rodents and diatomaceous earth for insects.

1. Natural Repellents

pest control

Natural repellents are a great choice when trying to keep pests at bay without the use of chemicals. Natural solutions like pheromones, essential oils, diatomaceous earth, and sticky traps can all be used to keep unwanted pests out of gardens, homes, and farms. These products are non-toxic to humans and pets, won’t harm the environment, and don’t give pests the opportunity to develop resistance over time.

Many natural repellents are easy to find and can be purchased at most home and garden centers. For example, neem oil can be used to repel mosquitoes and gnats by emitting a pungent scent that bugs dislike. Simply mix neem oil with water and spray around doors, windows, or suspected pest areas to deter these annoying insects.

Other natural pest control methods include using food waste as a natural pesticide. Citrus peels, for example, have a strong aroma that is attractive to some insects but can repel others such as ants and spiders. Coffee grounds can also be spread around plants and garden beds to deter slugs and snails. These organic pesticides help to reduce food waste while contributing to a more sustainable and eco-friendly environment.

Biological pest control is another eco-friendly method that relies on the natural predators and parasites of specific pests to decrease their population without the need for chemical intervention. For example, ladybugs can be released in the garden to help with aphid infestations or bacteria such as Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can be applied to soil to kill grubs and other damaging insects.

Choosing eco-friendly pest control methods isn’t just a trend—it’s a responsibility to protect your health, your family, and our planet. Traditional pest control methods can lead to soil, air, and water contamination and introduce dangerous chemicals into ecosystems that harm or even kill beneficial insects and other wildlife. By making simple changes to your routine like sealing entry points and using traps, you can contribute to a more sustainable and less toxic world. So make the switch to eco-friendly pest control today! You’ll be glad you did.

2. Biological Pest Control

Biological pest control, also called biocontrol, is the use of natural predators and parasites to reduce unwanted insect or weed populations without resorting to harsh chemical pesticides. In this ecofriendly approach to pest control, beneficial insects like ladybugs and beetles are released in agricultural crops to prey on or parasitize harmful pests. Alternatively, pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi are introduced to a crop to infect and kill unwanted organisms. This method can be used as a preventive measure, or in combination with other controls such as pheromone traps and cultural methods of pest reduction (such as removing standing water to limit mosquito breeding grounds) to achieve integrated pest management.

Traditional chemical pesticides can have a devastating impact on the environment and local wildlife. These toxic substances can contaminate air, soil, and waterways, and disrupt the delicate balance of an ecosystem. In addition to endangering humans and animals, these chemicals can also harm ecosystems by reducing the populations of non-target insects, which can have a domino effect on entire food chains. Ecofriendly pest control methods prioritize family safety and minimize environmental damage.

There are three main types of biological control: the importation and release of exotic natural enemies (classical biological control); the augmentation of existing populations of naturally occurring pest-control organisms (conservation biological control); and the conservation of native natural enemies in or near fields where they are needed most (conservation ecological control). The aim of the latter is to provide farmers with the tools they need to reduce the need for chemical pesticides, including crop rotation, vegetative buffer zones, and management practices that promote the presence of beneficial species.

When it comes to pest control, choosing an ecofriendly option isn’t just a matter of convenience or health; it’s a necessity. Traditional pest control methods are more likely to cause collateral damage and disrupt the delicate balance of an ecosystem. Fortunately, there are plenty of effective, safe alternatives that can be just as effective as their harsh chemical counterparts. By choosing ecofriendly pest control solutions, you can safeguard your home from unwanted guests while helping to preserve the planet for generations to come.

3. Physical Barriers/Traps

As the name implies, physical barriers/traps physically prevent or remove pests from plants and soil without the use of chemicals. Examples include pheromone traps that lure male apple codling moths to their sticky deaths, and netting that keeps birds from tearing developing fruit from trees.

These methods can also be used in conjunction with other IPM tactics, such as crop rotation, sanitation, and optimal planting techniques. These preventative methods ensure the safety of your family, help protect the environment, and provide long-term solutions to pest problems.

Many conventional pesticides can create serious health issues for people and animals, particularly when used in large amounts. They can also build up resistance in insects over time, making them less effective in the future. Natural, eco-friendly pest control methods don’t contain these hazardous chemicals, which prioritizes human health and the preservation of the environment over instant gratification.

A few key aspects of eco-friendly pest control that are often overlooked include preventing pests from entering the home, limiting the amount of resources they have available, and deterring them with non-toxic materials. For example, keeping trash bins tightly sealed and regularly emptied, properly disposing of compost, and sealing cracks around the house can prevent pests from finding their way inside.

Other ways to cut off pests’ access to food and water is by incorporating eco-friendly gardening practices. Crop rotation, intercropping, and utilizing the right planting techniques can reduce the amount of weeds and other competing plants that attract pests. Released predatory insects, such as ladybugs for aphids and nematodes for grubs, can control pest populations naturally as well.

Incorporating natural, eco-friendly pest control methods is an important step towards a healthier and greener planet. By using IPM, natural repellents, biological pest control, and physical barriers/traps in your home and garden, you can safeguard your health and the environment from unwanted invaders. And, by doing so, you can be proud of the fact that you’re playing a role in creating a more sustainable world. After all, a healthy environment is the foundation of good health, so we should strive to maintain it.

4. Heat Treatments

As the world becomes more eco-conscious, it’s important for businesses to take a leading role in the effort to protect the environment. Pest control companies are not exempt from this trend, and it’s encouraging to see many pest control services shifting to a more environmentally friendly approach. These sustainable solutions can be extremely effective while offering a safe and healthier living environment for families.

One of the best options for reducing the environmental impact of pest control is to use bio-pesticides that are made from organic materials. These products don’t require the use of harsh chemicals, and they can be just as effective at eliminating pests as traditional chemical sprays. Additionally, these products have a much smaller carbon footprint than their conventional counterparts as they are often derived from natural sources rather than synthesized from petroleum or other synthetic ingredients.

Another way to go green is to use microbial insecticides, which utilize bacteria to target specific insects. These bacteria infect the bug’s body, making it unable to function normally and eventually killing it. This is a safe alternative to traditional chemical pesticides, and it can even be used on crops that are sensitive to other types of chemicals.

Heat treatments are a highly effective method for eliminating pests without the need for chemical sprays. The process involves gradually heating the space to a temperature that is lethal to all life stages of the pest. This method can be used on a variety of items, including produce and stored product pests. It can be more effective than fumigation, and it’s a great alternative to chemical storage methods such as freezers.

Many people are concerned about the health effects of chemical-based pest control solutions. These toxic sprays can have a harmful effect on humans, animals, and the surrounding environment. In addition, some chemical pesticides can become resistant over time. Eco-friendly pest control methods focus on addressing the root cause of the problem, and they offer a more long-term solution than conventional pesticides.